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4. Górzno and surroundings.

Górzno and surroundings Founded in 1239, Górzno was granted town privileges in 1327. Until the First Partition it was the key landed property owned by Płock bishops. After the collapse of the November Uprising in October 1831 the Polish army marched near Górzno on their route to Prussia. The focal point is the Baroque-Neoclassical Church of the Holy Cross built between 1765-1812 by The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem from Miechowo in the Cracow Province. The crypt houses the tombs of the mummified knights of the Order. The centre features many wooden and brick houses from the turn of the 19th c., evoking the atmosphere of old Mazovian towns. Between lakes Górznieńskie and Młyńskie you can see the remains of an early-medieval settlement called Dziewicza Góra (Virgin Mountain). At Lake Górznieńskie you will find a lifeguarded beach, water sports equipment rental, horse carriage rental, numerous hiking and cycling trails, educational trails, attractive fishing spots. Accommodation and catering are offered by 4 hotels, 11 agrotourist farms, 3 restaurants and 2 bars. The following annual sporting events attract legions of tourists: The Triathlon Poland Championship in July, The Wheelchair Duathlon Championship, The Open Integration Volleyball Tournament, The Beach Volleyball Picnic, The No Borders Volleyball Tournament, The Beach Soccer Marathon, Nocna 13tka, a night race commemorating Stanisława Walasiewicz (1911-1980), Polish Olympic Champion in 100 metres in 1932, born in Wierzchownia near Górzno. Go to the photo gallery

Górzno lies on the edge of the Górzno-Lidzbark Landscape Park bordering three historical regions: the Dobrzyń Land, the Chełmno Land, and the Michałowo Land. Boundaries of different hydrographic, geobotanical, morphological, climatic and forest zones overlap within its area, which is the reason why it has never been extensively used for human settlement; as a result, vast forested areas and unique nature values have been preserved. The region features a variety of glacial landforms such as plateaus, hills, moraines, kames, eskers, drumlins, glacial troughs with ribbon lakes, tunnel valleys, and kettle holes. Height differences of 40-50m near Leźno and Górzno, typical of mountainous regions, are obvious attraction in this otherwise lowland area. The Brynica river and its tributary Górzanka with their steep banks (up to 20m), many side valleys, deep gullies and recesses flow like mountain streams. Numerous nature reserves protect approximately 100 species of plants and 214 species of vertebrates. Jar Brynicy nature reserve comprises the picturesque gorge of  the Brynica river, which forms part of the Dobrzyń Land border. The reserve was established mainly for the protection of a two-hundred-year-old maple-linded riparian forest on river terraces. Maple-linden and ash-alder forest is protected in the Szumny Zdrój nature reserve.  Ostrowy nad Brynicą nature reserve protects pine-linded mixed forest, situated on the vast meadows growing on former peat bogs. Czarny Bryńsk strict reserve spreading at Lake Bryńskie protects a peat bog formation which is the habitat of the saw-sedge, a rare Atlantic reed.

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